Schlaganfall

Ein Schlaganfall wird verursacht durch akuten Verlust von Blut in Teilen des Gehirns. Blut transportiert Sauerstoff, den das Gehirn zum Funktionieren benötigt.

Während eines Schlaganfalls wird der Sauerstoff im Gehirn also reduziert, was zu Schädigungen in diesem Teil des Gehirns führt. Dieser Schaden kann zu verschiedenen Symptomen und Einschränkungen führen.

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Arten von Schlaganfällen

Ischaemische Schlaganfälle

This is the most common type of stroke, accounting for 80% of cases. Ischaemic strokes, also known as ‚Infarcts‘, happen when a blood clot or fatty tissue particles block a blood vessel in the brain.

These particles are known as ‚thrombi‘ or ‚emboli‘.

Haemorrhagische Schlaganfälle

Haemorrhagic strokes happen when a weak wall of a blood vessel in the brain bursts. This causes blood to spill into the surrounding brain tissue causing bleeding and bruising.

Transienter Ischaemischer Anfall

A Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) or ‚Mini Stroke‘ is similar to an ischaemic stroke, but here the brain’s blood supply is only temporarily blocked. Symptoms resolve within 24 hours and in most cases within minutes.

TIAs are a warning sign. Having a TIA increases the chance of suffering a more damaging ischaemic stroke in the future. They should be treated seriously even if the symptoms resolve.

Schlaganfall Mimikries

Stroke mimics are conditions that can cause stroke-like symptoms, but are not strokes.

These can include: seizures that cause arm or leg weakness; migraines; low blood pressure; subdural haematomas (blood collecting between skull bone and the brain); brain tumours; anxiety and depression.

Folgen eines Schlaganfalls

Stroke symptoms can be similar to other neurological diseases. What is unique to stroke is their sudden onset, i.e. seconds to minutes.

The effects of a stroke vary depending on which part of the brain is damaged, the size of the damage and the type of stroke. The most common effects and symptoms are described by the FAST acronym.

 

FAST

Face (Gesicht): ein Mundwinkel hängt beim Lächeln. Gesichtsfeldausfälle.

Arm / Leg (Arm / Bein): Plötzliche Schwäche eines Gliedmaßes. Testbeispiel: beide Arme ausstrecken

Speech (Sprache): Plötzliche Wortfindungs- oder Verständnisschwierigkeiten. Testbeispiel: kurzen Satz wiederholen

Time (Zeit): Zeit ist Gehirn – bei einem der oben genannten Anzeichen sollte ein Notruf getätigt werden. Ein Arzt sollte die Anzeichen einschätzen.

Some symptoms of stroke are not described by FAST, but can still be very important signs of stroke. These can include problems with:

  • Sicht: Gesichtsfeldausfall, Verlust des Sehens in einem Auge oder doppelte Bilder
  • Fühlen: Taubheit in einer Seite des Körpers
  • Plötzliche Probleme mit Koordination oder Balance.
  • Schlugstörungen
  • Aufmerksamkeits- und Gedächtnisstörungen
  • Controlling bladder and bowels (Continence Problems)
  • Occasionally loss of consciousness or coma

Haftungsausschluss

THE Following SITES DO NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE
We provide general information about stroke conditions and treatments. The information provided is for educational purposes only. The information is not advice and should not be treated as such. You must not rely on the information as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or other professional healthcare provider. These site cannot be a substitute for the advice of a medical professional.

You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice or discontinue medical treatment because of information on these site. If you have any specific questions about any medical matter, you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider.

NeuroRecovery Ltd and the Website’s individual contributors cannot take any responsibility for the results or consequences of any attempt to use or adopt any of the information presented on these sites. NeuroRecovery Ltd. does not endorse any specific tests, products, procedures or other information that may be mentioned on these sites.

IF YOU SUSPECT THAT YOU OR ANYONE YOU KNOW HAS SUFFERED A STROKE, OR IS AT RISK OF STROKE, SEEK ADVICE FROM A QUALIFIED MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL.